The thinking about distributed leadership in classic organizations is recently 'rivaled' or at least complemented by thinking about collababorative and peer-to-peer economy and organizations.
It's difficult to evaluate the importance of that collaborative economy as part of the overall economy, but this adjacent picture at least gives us some idea.
It is a social dynamic between computers and between people, signalling the birth of a new social order: peer-to-peer (P2P). It builds on the idea that peer-to-peer infrastructures are gradually becoming the general conditions of work, economy, and society, considering peer production as a social advancement within capitalism but with various post-capitalistic aspects in need of protection, enforcement, stimulation and connection with progressive social movements. Using a four-scenario approach, the authors seek to simplify possible outcomes and to explore relevant trajectories of the current techno-economic paradigm within and beyond capitalism.
The P2P Foundation is a knowledge commons and a global community of researchers and advocates that monitors the emergence of peer to peer dynamics in society, i.e. through peer production, governance, and property models that are characterized by open access, partipatory process of governance, and property formats that guarantee universal access.
In these articles a few of those ideas are introduced :
Michel Bauwens., (2006). The Political Economy of Peer Production
Michel Bauwens, et al., (2012). Synthetic Overview of the Collaborative Economy.
Kathleen Stokes, Emma Carence, Lauren Anderson, April Rinne., (2014). Making Sense of the UK Collaborative Economy.
In these videos you hear Michel Bauwens explain how he sees evolving a number of Peer to Peer oraganizations back into forms of Capitalism, away from the original idea of the Sharing Economy.
On dutch television, some of the experts in collaborative economy look at how certain forms of collaborative economy seem to have degenerated into simple capatalistic money machines, far from the original values of the 'sharing economy'.